Toddler development can be broken down into a number of interrelated areas. There is reasonable consensus about what these areas may include:
Physical: growth or an increase in size.
Gross motor: the control of large muscles which enable walking, running, jumping and climbing.
Fine motor: the ability to control small muscles; enabling the toddler to feed themselves, draw and manipulate objects.
Vision: the ability to see near and far and interpret what is seen.
Hearing and speech: the ability to hear and receive information and listen (interpret), and the ability to understand and learn language and use it to communicate effectively.
Social: the ability to interact with the world through playing with others, taking turns and fantasy play.
Although it is useful to chart defined periods of development, it is also necessary to recognize that development exists on a continuum, with considerable individual differences between children.There is a wide range of what may be considered ‘normal’ development. However, according to experts, there are specific milestones that should be achieved by certain ages and stages in life in order to properly grow and develop.
One year old
12-month-old toddler sitting in a bucket
16-month-old toddler and her father kissing one another over Web camera
At one year of age, the typical toddler will be able to display the following skills.
Physical and motor skills
A typical one-year-old toddler’s body proportions
Triple the birth weight
Grow to a height of 50% over the birth length
Have a head circumference equal to that of the chest
Have one to eight teeth
Pull to stand
Walk with help or alone
Sit down without help
Bang two blocks together
Turn through the pages of a book by flipping many pages at a time
Have a pincer grasp
Sleep 8–10 hours a night and take one to two naps